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- Historical County: Cumberland
- Administrative County: Cumbria
- District Council: Eden
- Country / Region: North West
- OS Grid Reference NY710460
- Latitude 54.8080201468
- Longitude -2.45270875222
Aldstone or Alston
ALDSTONE or ALSTON, commonly called Alston-moor, is a small market town in Leath ward, on the confines of Northumberland, 20 miles from Penrith, and 304 from London. The market, which is held on Saturdays, chiefly for butchers meat, oatmeal, and potatoes, is by prescription.
There are three fairs; on the last Thursday in May, the Friday preceding the 27th of September, and the first Thursday in November. The first mentioned is for black cattle, horses, and pigs; the second for black cattle, horses, and sheep; the third for black cattle and horses only.
The manor of Aldstone, then called Aldeneston, was restored in 1281 to Nicholas de Veteriponte or Vipont: it seems to have been originally granted to this family in the reign of King John. (fn. 7)
The only daughter and heir of another Nicholas, brought the lordship of Aldstone to Walter Stapleton, who died in 1457, leaving two daughters, the elder of whom married Sir William Hilton, and afterwards Richard Musgrave. The posterity of her first husband inherited this manor, which they possessed till the reign of James I. when it was conveyed to the Radcliffes. Upon the attainder of Francis Radcliffe, Earl of Derwentwater, in 1715, it fell to the crown, and was soon afterwards settled by act of parliament on Greenwich Hospital.
The valuable lead-mines in this parish have been elsewhere spoken of. The number of workmen employed in the mines, occasions the parish to be very populous. The returns under the population act in 1811, state the number of houses at 461, occupied by 1013 families, and containing 5079 inhabitants.
The church of Aldstone was appropriated to the monastery of Hexham, to whom it had been given by the Vipont family. It had been claimed in the reign of Edward I. by that monastery, as given to them by Ivo de Veteriponte, and confirmed by King Henry III. but the claim was disallowed, and the church said to be in the crown (fn. 8) . It is probable that they soon afterwards obtained a grant or confirmation of it. After the reformation, the rectory and advowson, as having been parcel of the possessions of that monastery, were granted to Sir John Peryent and Thomas Reve, Gentleman. There appears to have been a subsequent grant to Arthur Lee and Thomas Archer; who having conveyed a third portion to Sir Thomas Hilton, the estate was for a long time thus divided. The trustees of Greenwich Hospital are now possessed of the whole of the impropriation and patronage, having purchased a third of the advowson of the present vicar, on condition and consideration that they would build him a good new vicarage-house, which condition they have performed.
The parish of Aldstone is in the diocese of Durham and deanery of Corbridge.
There is a chapel of ease at Garragill, called in old records Gerardegill, at which service is performed every third Sunday.
The original endowment of the charity school at Aldstone, was the sum of 106l. 5s. which having been laid out in the purchase of land, now produces about 27l. per annum: nothing further is known relative to the foundation. The sum above mentioned was probably raised by a contribution of the inhabitants. The commons in this parish, and the hamlet of Garragill, (except those in Priorsdale and Gildersdale,) have been inclosed under an act of parliament, passed in 1803, by which allotments of land were given in lieu of tithes to the impropriators.
From: 'Parishes: Addingham - Aspatria', Magna Britannia: volume 4: Cumberland (1816), pp. 4-18. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=50677.
|ARMSTRONG||Alston||1805 onwards||ALL|| |
|BARNFATHER||Alston||1750 - 1800||ALL|| |
|BELL||Alston||1700 - 1767||ALL|| |
|BRAMWELL||Alston||pre 1820||ALL|| |
|BURNS||Alston||1900 - 1937||ALL|| |
|CARRICK||Alston||1700 - 1800||ALL|| |
|COUSIN||Alston||1740 - 1840||ALL|| |
|FLETCHER||Alston||pre 1800||ALL|| |
|GILDERDALE||Alston||1700 - 1900||ALL|| |
|HARDY||Alston||All dates||ALL|| |
|HETHERINGTON||Alston||!750 and before||ALL|| |
|HILTON||Alston||1700 - 1850||ALL|| |
|HUTCHINSON||Alston||1750 - 1863||ALL|| |
|MILBURN||Alston||1780 - 1850||ALL|| |
|MILLICAN||Alston||pre 1820||ALL|| |
|PARMLEY||Alston||1700 - 1900||ALL|| |
|PATTINSON||Alston||1740 - 1800||ALL|| |
|PEARSON||Alston||1792 onwards||ALL|| |
|PEART||Alston||1700 - 1860||ALL|| |
|PHILLIPSON||Alston||1750 - 1838||ALL|| |
|RICHARDSON||Alston||1800 - 1840s||ALL|| |
|ROBINSON||Alston||1750 - 1800||ALL|| |
|RUMNEY||Alston||1680 - 1720||ALL|| |
|SMITH||Alston||1750 - 1885||ALL|| |
|TAYLOR||Alston||1881 onwards||ALL|| |
|THOMPSON||Alston||18 - 19C||ALL|| |
|VICKERS||Alston||1750 - 1800||ALL|| |
|WALLACE||Alston||abt 1800||ALL|| |
|WAUGH||Alston||abt 1840 - 1853||ALL|| |
|WHITE||Alston||1750 - 1816||ALL|| |